Historic Town of Levo?a - Slovakia
Are you a business owner in Slovakia?
Promote your business 365 days a year with the #1 Guide to Slovakia.
- Gain MAXIMUM EXPOSURE with a 'Dedicated Business Profile'
Directions to Historic Town of Levo?a
The town possesses an impressive number of architectural monuments linked with its glorious past.
The Spiš town of Levoča (population 14,500) situated in the east of Slovakia below the mountain range Levočské vrchy, because of its rich history, is one of the most visited by tourist in the country.
The city was first mentioned in a deed from 1249 as Leucha. The community, thriving on its advantageous position on the trade route Via Magna, rapidly grew into a town with several privileges. Shortly after, Levoča became the centre of German colonisation in the Spiš region and in 1271 it was even promoted to the capital of the Association of the Spiš Saxons, which eventually lost its influence and Levoča was declared the free royal borough in 1323.
The driving force of the Levoča's development was trade which gradually acquired an international dimension. The citizens of Levoča traded with Krakow, the Hanseatic towns and even with Venice. The craftsmen of Levoča produced not only for local consumption but also for the markets and fairs throughout Old Hungary and Poland. Later Levoča became one of the main centres of the Renaissance and humanism in Old Hungary.
The Town Monument Reserve of Levoča represents a complete set of important cultural and historical monuments bordered by the oblong, relatively well-preserved town walls.
The dominant part of the old Levoča is the large rectangular square, with the Roman-Catholic Church of St. James from the 14th century, which is one of the most important sacral buildings in Slovakia. The tall slender church tower from the first half of the 19th century is the most distinct feature in the city's silhouette.
Especially precious is the interior of the church, which is in fact a unique museum of medieval sacral art. The Late Gothic wooden main altar of St. James with the height of 18.6 meters (61 feet) is the highest of its kind in the world. It was made of lime wood in 1507-1517 in the workshop of Maestro Pavol of Levoča. Maestro Pavol is said to have depicted himself as one of the statues of the twelve apostles in the exquisite composition of the Last Supper scene in the altar's predella.
The church neighbours with the arcaded building of the former Town Hall which was built after the fire in 1550 and is one of the finest buildings of secular Renaissance architecture in Slovakia.
The so-called cage of opprobrium located in the square is from the 16th century and was used in the past as a pillory for the public humiliation. The central square is skirted by more than 50 remarkable burgher and patrician houses, many of which carry the name of their former owners. Of especial interest is Thurzo's house, which acquired its Neo-Renaissance sgraffito facade in 1904.
High above the town towers the Mariánska hora Mountain (781 m/2,562 ft). Every year at the beginning of July Levoča becomes the meeting point of the largest pilgrimage in Slovakia. Tens of thousands of pilgrims in long queues ascend to the mountain to render their gratitude to Virgin Mary in public services in the Neo-Gothic Church of the Visitation of the Virgin Mary from the beginning of the 20th century. The original pilgrim chapel was rebuilt into a small Gothic church in 1470. The interior of the new church contains the wonderful statue of the Virgin Mary which is now the main symbol of the pilgrimage to Levoča.
Levoča has been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 2009.
You may also like
City Discovery Game: The Secrets of Bratislava's Old Town
Imagine seeing Bratislava in a new light, without listening to a tour guide. With this unique discovery game, enjoy a gentle stroll around the city as you solve clues to5 ReviewsFrom €20.00
Bratislava: The Gems of the Little Carpathians
If you are in Bratislava for more than one day, you must explore the region of The Little Carpathians and its gems! This tour is like a good cocktail: mixed with traditioFrom €140.00
From Kraków: Slovakia Treetop Walk and Dunajec Rafting Tour
Discover northern Slovakia's most picturesque district, the Tatra region, from the treetops. Take a rafting trip on the Dunajec River, which is one of Poland's greatest aFrom €76.64
Bojnice Castle - One Day Tour From Bratislava
Visit one of the nicest castles in central Europe - National Geographic Travel included this castle in its top 10 European castled.From €135.00
Bratislava Full-Day Scenic Tour by Bus from Vienna
Explore Slovakia’s capital on a walking tour of Bratislava and see the major sights, such as St. Martin's Cathedral, Slovak Theatre and more. Stop for coffee and cake i24 ReviewsFrom €53.55
Bratislava Private Tour from Vienna
Discover the sights of Bratislava on a 6-hour, 1-way private tour from Vienna (transportation back to Vienna can be arranged on request). Marvel at monuments, such as St.From €329.00
From Krakow: Slovakia Treetop Walk and Thermal Spa
Escape the busy city of Krakow and travel into the Bachledova Valley in Slovakia to walk the 1234-meter-long treetop trail situated 24 meters above the ground. Admire theFrom €72.07
Bratislava Private Tour from Vienna
Enjoy a the trip to Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia, in the comfort of a private vehicle. Take an extensive drive through the streets and discover the cultural and hiFrom €405.00
High Tatras: Full-Day Excursion from Zilina by Car or Van
Discover the treasures of the High Tatras on a full-day trip from Zilina. You’ll see some of Slovakia’s top attractions in a single day! Visit a UNESCO Heritage mountFrom €290.00
Bratislava: Soviet Era and Post-Communist Tour
Take a tour off the beaten track and see sites from Bratislava’s Communist past as well as the newer face of the city. Travel in a legendary 1970s Škoda car or an 8-se25 ReviewsFrom €29.00